The Risks of Overdose There are many potential long-term effects of drug addiction and abuse. Long-term substance abuse changes the brain, leading to addiction and making it nearly impossible to stop using. These brain changes can then lead to mental health issueslike depression or anxiety.
Physical Side Effects Close to 50 million prescription stimulant drugs like Adderall were dispensed in to treat symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD.
ADHD is one of the most common childhood neurobiological disorders. Adderall amphetamine-dextroamphetamine is intended to increase focus and attention spans in those suffering from ADHD. It is also prescribed to treat narcolepsy at times.
As prescriptions for Adderall rise, so may its potential for diversion and nonmedical use, which increases its health risks too. It may be abused by students to combat The long term effects of addictions of higher education, as students perceive it will help them get better grades because they can stay up and study for longer.
Adderall also suppresses the appetite and may also be abused as a weight loss drug. Stimulant drugs like Adderall are addictive and using them recreationally may increase the chances of developing a psychological and physical dependence on them.
How Extended Adderall Use Affects the Brain Stimulants increase concentration and energy levels while decreasing the need for sleep and suppressing the appetite. Adderall increases the activity of several neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and especially dopamine.
The more often Adderall is taken, the more ingrained these changes become. A tolerance to the drug may form, and more Adderall may be needed at each dose in order to feel the same desired effects. As Adderall leaves the bloodstream, withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings may occur, indicating a physical and emotional dependence on the drug.
The way in which Adderall is abused, along with the amount and duration of abuse can affect the dependence level to the drug. Crushing the pills and then injecting or snorting them, for example, sends the drug into the brain more rapidly than ingesting them whole and having them enter the bloodstream via the digestive tract.
As a result, injecting or snorting the crushed pills increases the chances for a life-threatening overdose and the potential for addiction. Addiction is a disease that affects each person individually, and environmental and biological factors may also play a role in its onset.
Someone who is dependent on Adderall may have trouble sleeping and concentrating, notice a lack of motivation, and feel depressed, irritable, lethargic, or fatigued when it is removed from the body. Abusing amphetamines like Adderall may raise the risk of aggression and suicidal thoughts, according to ABC News.
For someone who has been abusing Adderall for an extended period of time, the emotional aspect of withdrawal may be the most noticeable side effect. Natural production of dopamine is reduced, causing low moods and trouble feeling pleasure without the drug. The more and longer Adderall is abused, the more pronounced the mood swings may be when it is no longer available in the body.
Most of these changes in the brain will likely be repaired over time with sustained abstinence and proper care and support, fortunately. In some cases, Adderall and other prescription stimulants have been reported to cause psychosis and schizophrenia-like symptoms, such as paranoid delusions, hallucinations, and other behavioral or mood disturbances, according to the journal Molecular Psychiatry.
Anxiety and panic attacks may also be triggered by long-term use of an amphetamine stimulant or during Adderall withdrawal. Food and Drug Administrationor FDA, even prints warnings on Adderall labels about potential negative psychiatric side effects.
Symptoms may be heightened in someone with a history of mental illness or an underlying mental health disorder, such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. Physical Side Effects Stimulants like Adderall raise body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure, and repeated use or abuse, particularly in high doses, can create a range of medical issues from a stroke to a seizure to a heart attack.
Adderall can cause damage to the heart and cardiovascular system when used for a prolonged period of time, especially when used in excess. The most common ADHD medication cardiovascular problems reported are hypertension high blood pressure and tachycardia irregular heart rateas published by Brain and Body.
Sudden cardiac death may also be a potential side effect of Adderall. Other side effects of abusing Adderall long-term include:Long Term Effects of Alcohol on the Liver.
The The long term effects of alcohol abuse are not only seen in the inability for the mind to keep track of things, remember things or learn new things. There is also significant damage that occurs to the liver when alcohol abuse is a factor.
Mar 19, · Long-Term Effects Xanax is not intended for long-term use, and chronic use may indicate a substance use disorder. The prescribing doctor should re-evaluate a person’s condition after 4 months to determine if they need to continue taking Xanax.
6. Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that can have serious effects on your health and well-being. Learn what it does to your body. Mar 19, · Studies have found impaired memory and visuospatial ability in long-term benzodiazepine users, and long-term users may experience cognitive deficits up to 6 months after stopping use.
Additionally, chronic users are at risk of accident or injury due to the drug’s effects on reaction time and driving skills. 8,9 People who abuse Xanax may also. The long-time effects of methamphetamine abuse can be more severe that those of some other illicit drugs and some of those effects can be irreversible.
One of the negative consequences of long-time meth abuse is developing an addiction to the drug. Some general consequences associated with long-term use or addiction include interferences with work, school, or home life, such as job loss, poor work or school performance, suspension or expulsion from school, legal problems, loss of close friends, divorce, and child neglect.