Visit Website Even though Berlin was located entirely within the Soviet part of the country it sat about miles from the border between the eastern and western occupation zonesthe Yalta and Potsdam agreements split the city into similar sectors. The Soviets took the eastern half, while the other Allies took the western. This four-way occupation of Berlin began in June
What led to the building of the wall[ change change source ] After Germany split into West and East Germany on May 8, 2. In Berlin alone, 3. But the Soviets and East German government said it was to keep capitalism out.
They said that West Germany refused to recognize East Germany as an independent country because they wanted to take over North-East Germany just like Hitler took over Poland.
People still tried to escape even though the Berlin Wall was there.
They used many methods to get around the guards and barbed wire on the Berlin Wall. In the late s, Mikhail Gorbachev said that the Soviet Union would not use the Red Army to stop the people of Eastern and Middle Europe from changing their government.
After he said that, several countries began to change the way they governed their people. Hungary opened its border and people from East Germany began moving to the west through Hungary. In October mass demonstrations against the government in East Germany began.
The long-time leader, Erich Honeckerresigned and was replaced by Egon Krenz a few days later. Honecker had predicted in January that the wall would stand for a "hundred more years" if the conditions which had caused its construction did not change.
This did not turn out to be true. A mistake by the press officer meant the border was opened several hours before it should have been. Millions of East German citizens celebrated the opening of the wall. Many collected souvenirs with chisels and some television stations filmed people hitting the wall with sledge hammers.
This image of people in West Berlin hitting the wall is often said to be East Berliners breaking out. This is not true.
The eastern side of the wall had no graffiti on it. All pictures of people chipping away at the wall show people hitting graffiti covered walls. Less than one year after the Berlin Wall was broken down, Germany again became one country.
Satellite image of Berlin. The yellow line is where the Wall was. Where the Berlin Wall was inside Berlin Checkpoints, or places that people could cross the wall, are shown. Panel at the border of the sector boundary in Berlin Same panel, other side original Death toll[ change change source ] Berlin Wall, with graffiti and death strip.
The side with the graffiti on is the West. This was at a street called Bethaniendamm In the 28 years of its existence, between and people were killed when trying to cross the Berlin Wall. The East Germans did not record all of the deaths, so the real number of how many people died may never be known.
Those people who were caught alive in an attempt to flee, had to go to jail for at least five years. The first victim of the Wall was Ida Siekmann.
She was fatally injured after jumping out of the window of her apartment. She fell onto the pavement on the west side. He was 24 years old and was shot by police, near the railway station of Berlin Friedrichstrassewhen he tried to get into the West.
This was on 24 August,only eleven days after the border had been closed. Peter Fechter bled to death in the death strip, on 17 August, This led to a public outcry. American troops watched him, but could not help him. The East-German border policemen, who had wounded him, did not help him either.
Intwo children, aged ten and thirteen years, were killed in the border strip.Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Berlin, Germany on TripAdvisor: See , traveler reviews and photos of Berlin tourist attractions. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in September.
Memorial of the Berlin Wall. 15, reviews #2 of 1, things to do in Berlin Historic Sites. Learn More 49 Ways to experience it.
Oct 23, · Looking Back to the ’90s, When Berlin Was the Height of Cool. A multimedia exhibition aims to capture the spirit of creative chaos that came after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Oct 03, · Watch video · Berlin Airlift. For 30 years, the Berlin Wall was the defining symbol of the Cold War, separating families and keeping the people from jobs and opportunity in the west.
Nov 10, · NBC News coverage of the fall of the Berlin Wall hosted by Tom Brokaw at the Brandenburg Gate, November Part 1 of 2. The exact date of . To the younger Jäger, the Berlin Wall was a tragic but necessary deterrent to conflict between the states of the Warsaw Pact and the NATO-allied countries in the West.
Berlin Wall Fall of the Berlin Wall honoured with release of 8, glowing balloons To mark the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, German Artist Christopher Bauder has rebuilt the.