He received his B. D in linguistics from Stanford University. He started his career in theoretical linguistics, working in syntactic and semantic theory, and taught initially at Stanford University and later in the School of Language and Communication at Hampshire College in Amherst, Massachusetts. At Boston University he established new graduate programs centered around an integrated approach to language and literacy, combining programs in reading, writing, bilingual education, ESL, and applied linguistics.
James Paul Gee In this reading the writer introduces the concept of Discourses. He discusses how they are used and interact with each other.
Finally he shows how they relate to defining literacy. Discourses are acquired by all of us as we live our lives. Discourses are not something that are learned, or taught in a classroom, but are acquired over the course of living, working, and interacting with people.
All of us acquire a primary discourse early in life through our interactions with parents, siblings, or those closest to us. When our interactions spread to areas outside the home we develop secondary discourses.
Discourses go beyond just spoken language and include ways of acting, thinking, and the values we put on those actions. Discourses effect our integration into different groups.
For example, if you say the right words, but do the wrong actions, you can be immediately seen as not being part of that group.
An obvious example of this would be when a non-native language speaker communicates with a native language speaker. The difference between acquisition and learning is also important.
Acquisition and learning affect literacy because they change how we develop primary and secondary discourses. Acquisition is the process of gaining a level of mastery through subconscious interactions and exposure to secondary discourses in natural settings. Learning is a process that has a more structured approach to mastering the secondary discourse.
Learning is often done through a teacher or class. Literacy can be described as a level of control over a language.
We gained our level of control over our primary language through acquisition when we were growing up with native language speakers.
When you learning a language you get enough control to be able to compare one language to another. This is especially important to a foreign language teacher. Yana Orlova Post navigation.BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
Gee, James Paul Journal of Education, v n1 p Argues that the focus of literacy studies or applied linguistics should not be language, or literacy, but social practices. MU Grade Distribution Application Tuesday, September 11, Term. This is an introduction to a volume of the Journal of Education devoted to my papers.
This piece is quite close to my paper "What is Literacy?". Operation Mercury - Airmen in the Battle of Crete, M.G. Comeau Tradicao, Tradicao The Educational System of the Russian Federation Subway Rides, P.
Walker Plays Pretty Just for You, Smith Jimmy . James Paul Gee () in his book Social Linguistics And Literacy has given the idea that literacy is not just the ability to read and write but it is mush more than that. It is the knowledge of different "discourses" which are part of our personalities and the knowledge of the beliefs and values connected to these discourses.