The Hypodermic Needle Theory no longer carries the respect it once did since its accuracy was found to be questionable. Muted Group Theory Muted Group Theory states that because language is man-made women remain reduced and excluded. Because words and norms have been created by men, women are disadvantaged in public.
Writing career[ edit ] Tannen has lectured worldwide in her field, and written and edited numerous academic publications on linguisticsdiscourse analysisand interpersonal communication. She has published many books including Conversational Style: Her major theoretical contribution, presented in Talking Voices, is a poetics of conversation.
She demonstrates that everyday conversation is made up of linguistic features that are traditionally regarded as literary, such as repetitiondialogueand imagery.
Tannen has also written several general-audience books on interpersonal communication and public discourse. Women and Men in Conversation was published in It remained on the New York Times Best Seller list for nearly four years, and was subsequently translated into 30 other languages.
Overview[ edit ] Deborah Tannen's main research has focused on the expression of interpersonal relationships in conversational interaction. Tannen has explored conversational interaction and style differences at a number of different levels and as related to different situations, including differences in conversational style as connected to the gender  and cultural background,  as well as speech that is tailored for specific listeners based on the speaker's social role.
Since then, she has collected several naturally occurring conversations on tape  and conducted interviews as forms of data for later analysis. She has also compiled and analyzed information from other researchers in order to draw out notable trends in various types of conversations, sometimes borrowing and expanding on their terminology to emphasize new points of interest.
She cites this ritual of an example of how, for many women, closeness is established through sharing personal details. Interplay of connection maneuvers and power maneuvers in family conversations[ edit ] Tannen once described family discourse as "a prime example…of the nexus of needs for both power and connection in human relationships.
In this model, the vertical axis represents the level of power in the interaction, and the horizontal axis represents connection. Among other examples, she mentions a wife who refuses to let her husband take over making popcorn by saying "You always burn it".
Tannen also highlights ventriloquizing — which she explains as a "phenomenon by which a person speaks not only for another but also as another"  — as a strategy for integrating connection maneuvers into other types of interactions.
As an example of this, she cites an exchange recorded by her research team in which a mother attempts to convince her son to pick up his toys by ventriloquizing the family's dogs: Gumperz as the inspiration behind her thinking.
One example she uses against the second idea comes from a letter from a reader, who mentioned how his Navy superior trained his unit to respond to the indirect request "It's hot in this room" as a direct request to open the window.
As a specific example, she mentions a "black box" recording between a plane captain and a co-pilot in which the captain's failure to understand the co-pilot's indirect conversational style which was likely a result of his relatively inferior rank caused a crash.
Tannen observed this same tendency of Greeks and Greek-Americans to interpret statements indirectly in a study  that involved interpreting the following conversation between a husband and a wife: I'll go to make her happy.
I feel like going, so I'll say yes. These percentages, combined with other elements of the study, suggest that the degree of indirectness a listener generally expects may be affected through sociocultural norms.
Agonism in written academic discourse[ edit ] Tannen analyzed the agonistic framing of academic texts, which are characterized by their "ritualized adversativeness". Hall, Conversational Style: Repetition, dialogue, and imagery in conversational discourse Cambridge University Press,hardcover.Guide to Theorists 3 AS and A Level English Language Glossary Glossary of Terms and Main Language Theories reviewed in AS and A Level English Language specification.
Genderlect Theory – Deborah Tannen.
as we adapt to the contrasting styles of the other gender. Standpoint Theory – Sandra Harding and Julia Wood. Feminist standpoint theorists suggest that women are under-advantaged, and thus men are over-advantaged. Otherness is engendered in women by the way men respond to them.
When it comes to genderlect, self-disclosure is important because genderlect is defined as the differences in male and female communication.
Men and women have completely different views of . Genderlect Styles of Deborah Tannen In Em Griffin’s A First Look at Communication Theory Third Edition,Chapter 34 CLICKER QUESTION #1 (A.)TRUE OR (B.)FALSE Tannen believes that all men speak in a male style and all women speak in a female style.
Learn genderlect styles differences with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of genderlect styles differences flashcards on Quizlet. When it comes to genderlect, self-disclosure is important because genderlect is defined as the differences in male and female communication. Men and women have completely different views of . Start studying Genderlect styles Theory. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) Theory of Planned Behavior is the same as Theory of Reasoned Action in that it says personal attitudinal judgments and social-normative considerations influence a person’s intentions to perform a behavior, but TPB adds a third element: perceived behavioral control.
Find all the books, read about the author, and more.